MIT Sea Grant Center for Coastal Resources

Marine Bioinvaders References

Articles and Books

Angel, Martin V. 1993. Biodiversity of the Pelagic Ocean. Conservation Biology 7 (4): 760-772.

Ashton, P.J., and D.S. Mitchell. 1989. Aquatic plants: patterns and modes of invasion attributes of invading species and assessment of control programmes. Edited by J. A. Drake, H. A. Mooney, F. di Castri, R. H. Groves, F. J. Kruger, M. Rejmanele and M. Williamson, Biological Invasions: a Global Perspective. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Balcom, Nancy, ed. 1997. Aquatic Exotics News: 4 (2). Northeast Sea Grant Network.

Beatley, T. 1991. Protecting biodiversity in coastal environments: Introduction and overview. Coastal Management 19 (1): 1-19.

Bederman, D.J. 1991. International control of marine "pollution" by exotic species. Ecology Law Quarterly 18 (4).

Begley, Sharon. Aliens Invade America! Newsweek. August 10, 1998. pp50-52.

Bolch, C.J., and G.M. Hallegraeff. 1993. Chemical and physical treatment options to kill toxic dinoflagellate cysts in ships' ballast water. Journal of Marine Environmental Engineering 1: 23-29.

Burger, Joanna. 1981. The effect of human activity on birds at a costal bay. Biological Conservation 21: 231-241.

Carlton, James T., and J.A. Scanlon. 1985. Progression and dispersal of an introduced alga Codium fragile ssp. tomentos-oides (Chlorophyta) on the Atlantic coast of North America. Botanica Marine 28.

Carlton, James T. 1989. Man's role in changing the face of the ocean: Biological invasions and implications for conservation of near-shore environments. Conservation Biology 3 (3): 265-272.

Carlton, J.T., and J.B. Geller. 1993. Ecological roulette: The global transport of nonindigenous marine organisms. Science 261: 78-82.

Carlton, J.T., J.K. Thompson, L.E. Schemel, and F.H. Nichols. 1990. Remarkable invasion of San Francisco Bay (California, USA) by the Asian clam Potamocorbula amurensis. I. Introduction and dispersal. Marine Ecology Progress Series 66: 81-94.

Cohen , Andrew N. and Anna Weinstein. 1998. The Potential Distribution and Abundance of Zebra Mussels in California. San Francisco Estuaty Institute.

Cohen, Andrew N. and James T. Carlton. 1995. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species in a United States Estuary: A Case Study of the Biological Invasions of the San Francisco Bay and Delta. United States fish and Wildlife Service, Washington D.C.

Cohen, Andrew N. and James T. Carlton. 1998. Accelerating Invasion Rate in a Highly Invaded Estuary. Science 279: 555-557.

Dochoda, M.R. 1991. Meeting the challenge of exotics in the Great Lakes: the role of an international commission. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 48 (supplement).

Edward L. Mills, David L. Strayer, Mark D. Scheuerell, and James T. Carlton. 1996. Exotic species in the Hudson River basin: a history of invasions and introductions. Estuaries 19 (4): 814-823.

Essink, Karel. 1998. On the dispersal of Marenzelleria spp. (Poylchaeta: Spionidae) and Ensis americanus (Bivalvia: Cultellidae) in NW Europe. ICES Working Group on Introduction and Transfer of Marine Organisms, Meeting of March 25-27, 1998. The Hague, The Netherlands.

Estes, J.A., D.O. Duggins, and G.B. Rathbun. 1989. The ecology of extinctions in kelp forest communities. Conservation Biology 3 (3).

Exotic Species Update #44. Twine Line, February 1997: p 5. Ohio Sea Grant.

Gollash, S. 1998. Caulerpa taxifolia in Germany: Survey on the use of the green algae in public and private aquaria. ICES Working Group on Introductions and Transfers; 1998 meeting, The Hague, The Netherlands, March 25-27.

Grassle, J.F., P. Lasserre, A.D. McIntyre, and G.C. Ray. 1990. Marine biodiversity and ecosystem function: A proposal for an international programme of research. Biology International 23.

Harvey, Paul H. and Robert M. May. 1997. Case studies of extinction. Nature 385: 776-777.

Hedgpeth, J.W. 1980. The problem of introduced species in management and mitigation. Helgolander Meeresuntersuchungen 33: 662-673.
Hiney, Jim. Hostile Takeover. Texas Shores 31(2), Summer 1998: pp2-23. Published by the Texas Sea Grant College Program.
Hufthammer, Marianne K. and Sergey Kuzmin. Barents Sea Red King Crab (Paralithodes camtschatica)a review and discussion of sampling methods. Proceedings of the 7th Russian/Norwegian Symposium: Gear Selection and Sampling Gears.

Kaufman, L. 1988. Marine biodiversity: the sleeping dragon. Conservation Biology 2.

Kurdila, J. 1988. The introduction of exotic species into the United States: There goes the neighborhood! Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review 16 (1): 95-118.

Lafferty, Kevin D. and Armand M. Kuris. 1996. Biological control of marine pests. Ecology 77 (7): 1989-2000.

Leach, Mark K. and Thomas J. Givnish. 1996. Ecological determinants of species loss in remnant prairies. Science 273: 1555-1558.

Lohrer, A. M. and R. B. Whitlatch. 1997. Ecological studies on the recently introduced Japanese shore crab (Hemigrapsus sanguineus), in eastern Long Island Sound. p. 49-60 IN: Proc. Second Northeast Conference on Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Species, N.C. Balcom (Ed.). 18-19 April 1997, Burlington, VT. Pub. No. CTSG-97-02, Connecticut Sea Grant College Program.

Minchin, Dan. 1996. Management of the introduction and transfer of marine molluscs. Aquatic Conservation and Freshwater Ecosystems 6: 229-244.

Minchin, Dan and Christopher Moriarty. 1998. Zebra Mussels in Ireland. Fishery Leaflet 177, Marine Institute. Dublin, Ireland.

Nichols, F.H., J.K. Thompson, and L.A. Schemel. 1990. Remarkable invasion of San Francisco Bay (California, USA) by the Asian clam Potamocorbula amurensis: II. Displacement of a former community. Marine Ecology Progress Series 66.

Osman, R.W. and R.B. Whitlatch. 1995. Ecological factors controlling the successful invasion of three species of ascidians into marine subtidal habitats of New England. pp. 49-60 IN: Proc. Northeast Conference on Non-indigenous Aquatic Nuisance Species, N.C. Balcom (Ed.). 25 January 1997, Cromwell, Connecticut. Pub. No. CT-SG-95-04, Connecticut Sea Grant College Program.

Raloff, Janet. 1998. Rogue Algae: The Mediterranean floor is being carpeted with a shaggy, agressive invader. Science News 154(1):pp8-10.

Ray, G.C. 1988. Ecological diversity in coastal zones and oceans. Edited by E.O.Wilson, Biodiversity. Washington, DC: National Academic Press; p36-50.

Rowan, Rob and Nancy Knowlton. 1995. Intraspecific diversity and ecological zonation in coral-algal symbiosis. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 92: 2850-2853.

Scheffer, Victor B. 1993. The olympic goat controversy: A perspective. Conservation Biology 7 (4): 916-919.

Schofield, Eileen K. 1989. Effects of introduced plants and animals on island vegetation: Examples from the Galapagos Archipelago. Conservation Biology 3 (3): 227-238.

Sea invaders threaten region's waters. Cape Cod Times 1996b.
Sherratt, J.A., M.A. Lewis, and A.C. Fowler. 1995. Ecological chaos in the wake of invasion. Proceedings from the National Academy of Science. 92: 2524-2528.

Sjotun, Kjersti. 1997. A new observation of Crepidula fornicata (Prosobranchia, Calyptraeidae) in western Norway. Sarsia 82:275-276.

Tangley, Laura. Unwelcome sea voyagers: Marine stowaways take advantage of increased global trade and travel. U.S. News and World Report: October 26, 1998

ten Hove, Harry A. 1979. Tube Worm. McGraw Hill Yearbook Science and Technology: 400-402.

ten Hove, Harry A. 1974. Notes on Hydroides elegans (Haswell, 1883) and Mercierella engmatica (Fauvel, 1923), alien serpulid polychaetes introduced into the Netherlands. Bulletin Zoologisch Museum. Universiteit van Amsterdam. vol 4, No. 6, 13-XI-1974.
Vermeij, G.J. 1989a. Saving the sea: What we know and what we need to know. Conservation Biology 3 (3): 240-241.

Vermeij, G.J. 1989b. Invasion and extinction: The last three million years of North Sea Pelecypod history. Conservation Biology 3 (3): 274-282.

Vermeij, Geerat J. 1993. Biogeography of recently extinct marine species: Implications for conservation. Conservation Biology 7 (2): 391-397.

Wilson, E.O. 1992. The Diversity of Life. London: Allen Lane.

Whitlatch, R.B., R.W. Osman, A. Frese, R. Malatesta, P. Mitchell, and L. Sedgewick. 1995. The ecology of two introduced marine ascidians and their effects on epifaunal organisms in Long Island Sound. pp. 29-48 IN: Proc Northeast Conference on Non-indigenous Aquatic Nuisance Species, N.C. Balcom (Ed.). 25 January 1997, Cromwell, Connecticut. Pub. No. CT-SG-95-04, Connecticut Sea Grant College Program.

Government Documents

Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force. 1993a. Zebra mussel specific containment protocols..

Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force. 1993b. Proposed report to Congress: findings, conclusions, and recommendations of the intentional introductions policy review. p1-37.

Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force. 1994a. Findings, Conclusions, and Recommendations of the Intentional Introductions Policy Review - Report to Congress. p1-53.

Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force. 1994b. Protocol for evaluating research proposals concerning noninigenous aquatic species. p1-23.

Carter, Jimmy. 1977. Executive order 11987: Exotic organisms. 42 FR 26949, 3 CFR. Commission of the European Communitites, Directorate-General XII for Science, Research and Development. 1997. Understanding Biodiversity: An agenda for research into Biodiversity prepared by the Euorpean Working Group on Research and Biodiversity (EWGRB).

Great Lakes Agreements, Laws and Policies.

Great Lakes Panel on Aquatic Nuisance Species. Guidance for information and education efforts for the prevention and control of aquatic nuisance species in the Great Lakes. p1-5.

Great Lakes Panel on Aquatic Nuisance Species. 1996. Research Guidelines for the Prevention and Control of Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Species in the Great Lakes. p1-4.

Fisheries and Oceans Canada. 1997. National Policy on Introductions and Transfers of Aquatic Organisms. p1-38.

ICES Working Group on Introductions and Transfers of Marine Organisms. The Hague, The Netherlands; March 25-27, 1998. National Reports for Canada, France, Germany, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom, England and Wales, and United States of America.

Sharples, F.E. 1981. Spread of organisms with novel genotypes: Thoughts from an ecological perspective. EPA/AAAS Environmental Science and Engineering Fellowship Draft Report.

State of Maine, Department of Marine Resources. 1996. Chapter 605 - General Department Activities.

State of Rhode Island. Miscellaneous laws and regulations.

Report to the Great Lakes States. 1995. A model comprehensive state management plan for the prevention and control of nonindigenous aquatic nuisance species. p1-28.

United States Congress, Office of Technology Assessment. 1993. Harmful Nonindigenous Species in the United States. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.

United States Government. 1990. Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act. H.R. 4283.

United States of America National Report 1997-1998 on Introductions and Transfers of Marine Organisms. Working Group on Introductions and Transfers of Marine Organisms of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. March 25-27, 1998; The Hague, The Netherlands.


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  this page last updated on: 4 December, 2002