Marine Bioinvaders References
Articles and Books
Angel, Martin V. 1993. Biodiversity of the Pelagic Ocean. Conservation
Biology 7 (4): 760-772.
Ashton, P.J., and D.S. Mitchell. 1989. Aquatic plants: patterns
and modes of invasion attributes of invading species and assessment
of control programmes. Edited by J. A. Drake, H. A. Mooney, F. di
Castri, R. H. Groves, F. J. Kruger, M. Rejmanele and M. Williamson,
Biological Invasions: a Global Perspective. New York: John
Wiley and Sons.
Balcom, Nancy, ed. 1997. Aquatic Exotics News: 4 (2). Northeast
Sea Grant Network.
Beatley, T. 1991. Protecting biodiversity in coastal environments:
Introduction and overview. Coastal Management 19 (1): 1-19.
Bederman, D.J. 1991. International control of marine "pollution"
by exotic species. Ecology Law Quarterly 18 (4).
Begley, Sharon. Aliens Invade America! Newsweek. August
10, 1998. pp50-52.
Bolch, C.J., and G.M. Hallegraeff. 1993. Chemical and physical
treatment options to kill toxic dinoflagellate cysts in ships' ballast
water. Journal of Marine Environmental Engineering 1: 23-29.
Burger, Joanna. 1981. The effect of human activity on birds at
a costal bay. Biological Conservation 21: 231-241.
Carlton, James T., and J.A. Scanlon. 1985. Progression and dispersal
of an introduced alga Codium fragile ssp. tomentos-oides
(Chlorophyta) on the Atlantic coast of North America. Botanica
Carlton, James T. 1989. Man's role in changing the face of the
ocean: Biological invasions and implications for conservation of
near-shore environments. Conservation Biology 3 (3): 265-272.
Carlton, J.T., and J.B. Geller. 1993. Ecological roulette: The
global transport of nonindigenous marine organisms. Science
Carlton, J.T., J.K. Thompson, L.E. Schemel, and F.H. Nichols. 1990.
Remarkable invasion of San Francisco Bay (California, USA) by the
Asian clam Potamocorbula amurensis. I. Introduction and dispersal.
Marine Ecology Progress Series 66: 81-94.
Cohen , Andrew N. and Anna Weinstein. 1998. The Potential Distribution
and Abundance of Zebra Mussels in California. San Francisco
Cohen, Andrew N. and James T. Carlton. 1995. Nonindigenous Aquatic
Species in a United States Estuary: A Case Study of the Biological
Invasions of the San Francisco Bay and Delta. United States
fish and Wildlife Service, Washington D.C.
Cohen, Andrew N. and James T. Carlton. 1998. Accelerating Invasion
Rate in a Highly Invaded Estuary. Science 279: 555-557.
Dochoda, M.R. 1991. Meeting the challenge of exotics in the Great
Lakes: the role of an international commission. Canadian Journal
of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 48 (supplement).
Edward L. Mills, David L. Strayer, Mark D. Scheuerell, and James
T. Carlton. 1996. Exotic species in the Hudson River basin: a history
of invasions and introductions. Estuaries 19 (4): 814-823.
Essink, Karel. 1998. On the dispersal of Marenzelleria spp. (Poylchaeta:
Spionidae) and Ensis americanus (Bivalvia: Cultellidae) in NW Europe.
ICES Working Group on Introduction and Transfer of Marine Organisms,
Meeting of March 25-27, 1998. The Hague, The Netherlands.
Estes, J.A., D.O. Duggins, and G.B. Rathbun. 1989. The ecology of
extinctions in kelp forest communities. Conservation Biology
Exotic Species Update #44. Twine Line, February 1997: p
5. Ohio Sea Grant.
Gollash, S. 1998. Caulerpa taxifolia in Germany: Survey
on the use of the green algae in public and private aquaria. ICES
Working Group on Introductions and Transfers; 1998 meeting, The
Hague, The Netherlands, March 25-27.
Grassle, J.F., P. Lasserre, A.D. McIntyre, and G.C. Ray. 1990.
Marine biodiversity and ecosystem function: A proposal for an international
programme of research. Biology International 23.
Harvey, Paul H. and Robert M. May. 1997. Case studies of extinction.
Nature 385: 776-777.
Hedgpeth, J.W. 1980. The problem of introduced species in management
and mitigation. Helgolander Meeresuntersuchungen 33: 662-673.
Hiney, Jim. Hostile Takeover. Texas Shores 31(2), Summer
1998: pp2-23. Published by the Texas Sea Grant College Program.
Hufthammer, Marianne K. and Sergey Kuzmin. Barents Sea Red King
Crab (Paralithodes camtschatica)a review and discussion of sampling
methods. Proceedings of the 7th Russian/Norwegian Symposium: Gear
Selection and Sampling Gears.
Kaufman, L. 1988. Marine biodiversity: the sleeping dragon. Conservation
Kurdila, J. 1988. The introduction of exotic species into the United
States: There goes the neighborhood! Boston College Environmental
Affairs Law Review 16 (1): 95-118.
Lafferty, Kevin D. and Armand M. Kuris. 1996. Biological control
of marine pests. Ecology 77 (7): 1989-2000.
Leach, Mark K. and Thomas J. Givnish. 1996. Ecological determinants
of species loss in remnant prairies. Science 273: 1555-1558.
Lohrer, A. M. and R. B. Whitlatch. 1997. Ecological studies on the
recently introduced Japanese shore crab (Hemigrapsus sanguineus),
in eastern Long Island Sound. p. 49-60 IN: Proc. Second Northeast
Conference on Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Species, N.C. Balcom
(Ed.). 18-19 April 1997, Burlington, VT. Pub. No. CTSG-97-02, Connecticut
Sea Grant College Program.
Minchin, Dan. 1996. Management of the introduction and transfer
of marine molluscs. Aquatic Conservation and Freshwater Ecosystems
Minchin, Dan and Christopher Moriarty. 1998. Zebra Mussels in
Ireland. Fishery Leaflet 177, Marine Institute. Dublin, Ireland.
Nichols, F.H., J.K. Thompson, and L.A. Schemel. 1990. Remarkable
invasion of San Francisco Bay (California, USA) by the Asian clam
Potamocorbula amurensis: II. Displacement of a former community.
Marine Ecology Progress Series 66.
Osman, R.W. and R.B. Whitlatch. 1995. Ecological factors controlling
the successful invasion of three species of ascidians into marine
subtidal habitats of New England. pp. 49-60 IN: Proc. Northeast
Conference on Non-indigenous Aquatic Nuisance Species, N.C.
Balcom (Ed.). 25 January 1997, Cromwell, Connecticut. Pub. No. CT-SG-95-04,
Connecticut Sea Grant College Program.
Raloff, Janet. 1998. Rogue Algae: The Mediterranean floor is being
carpeted with a shaggy, agressive invader. Science News 154(1):pp8-10.
Ray, G.C. 1988. Ecological diversity in coastal zones and oceans.
Edited by E.O.Wilson, Biodiversity. Washington, DC: National
Academic Press; p36-50.
Rowan, Rob and Nancy Knowlton. 1995. Intraspecific diversity and
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Scheffer, Victor B. 1993. The olympic goat controversy: A perspective.
Conservation Biology 7 (4): 916-919.
Schofield, Eileen K. 1989. Effects of introduced plants and animals
on island vegetation: Examples from the Galapagos Archipelago. Conservation
Biology 3 (3): 227-238.
Sea invaders threaten region's waters. Cape Cod Times 1996b.
Sherratt, J.A., M.A. Lewis, and A.C. Fowler. 1995. Ecological chaos
in the wake of invasion. Proceedings from the National Academy
of Science. 92: 2524-2528.
Sjotun, Kjersti. 1997. A new observation of Crepidula fornicata
(Prosobranchia, Calyptraeidae) in western Norway. Sarsia
Tangley, Laura. Unwelcome sea voyagers: Marine stowaways take advantage
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October 26, 1998
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ten Hove, Harry A. 1974. Notes on Hydroides elegans (Haswell,
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Vermeij, G.J. 1989a. Saving the sea: What we know and what we need
to know. Conservation Biology 3 (3): 240-241.
Vermeij, G.J. 1989b. Invasion and extinction: The last three million
years of North Sea Pelecypod history. Conservation Biology
3 (3): 274-282.
Vermeij, Geerat J. 1993. Biogeography of recently extinct marine
species: Implications for conservation. Conservation Biology
7 (2): 391-397.
Wilson, E.O. 1992. The Diversity of Life. London: Allen Lane.
Whitlatch, R.B., R.W. Osman, A. Frese, R. Malatesta, P. Mitchell,
and L. Sedgewick. 1995. The ecology of two introduced marine ascidians
and their effects on epifaunal organisms in Long Island Sound. pp.
29-48 IN: Proc Northeast Conference on Non-indigenous Aquatic
Nuisance Species, N.C. Balcom (Ed.). 25 January 1997, Cromwell,
Connecticut. Pub. No. CT-SG-95-04, Connecticut Sea Grant College
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force. 1993a. Zebra mussel specific
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force. 1993b. Proposed report
to Congress: findings, conclusions, and recommendations of the intentional
introductions policy review. p1-37.
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force. 1994a. Findings, Conclusions,
and Recommendations of the Intentional Introductions Policy Review
- Report to Congress. p1-53.
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force. 1994b. Protocol for evaluating
research proposals concerning noninigenous aquatic species.
Carter, Jimmy. 1977. Executive order 11987: Exotic organisms.
42 FR 26949, 3 CFR. Commission of the European Communitites, Directorate-General
XII for Science, Research and Development. 1997. Understanding
Biodiversity: An agenda for research into Biodiversity prepared
by the Euorpean Working Group on Research and Biodiversity (EWGRB).
Great Lakes Agreements, Laws and Policies. http://www.great-lakes.net/law/lawpolicy.html.
Great Lakes Panel on Aquatic Nuisance Species. Guidance for information
and education efforts for the prevention and control of aquatic
nuisance species in the Great Lakes. p1-5.
Great Lakes Panel on Aquatic Nuisance Species. 1996. Research
Guidelines for the Prevention and Control of Nonindigenous Aquatic
Nuisance Species in the Great Lakes. p1-4.
Fisheries and Oceans Canada. 1997. National Policy on Introductions
and Transfers of Aquatic Organisms. p1-38.
ICES Working Group on Introductions and Transfers of Marine Organisms.
The Hague, The Netherlands; March 25-27, 1998. National Reports
for Canada, France, Germany, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom,
England and Wales, and United States of America.
Sharples, F.E. 1981. Spread of organisms with novel genotypes:
Thoughts from an ecological perspective. EPA/AAAS Environmental
Science and Engineering Fellowship Draft Report.
State of Maine, Department of Marine Resources. 1996. Chapter 605
- General Department Activities.
State of Rhode Island. Miscellaneous laws and regulations.
Report to the Great Lakes States. 1995. A model comprehensive
state management plan for the prevention and control of nonindigenous
aquatic nuisance species. p1-28.
United States Congress, Office of Technology Assessment. 1993.
Harmful Nonindigenous Species in the United States. Washington,
D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
United States Government. 1990. Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and
Control Act. H.R. 4283. ftp://ftp.loc.gov/pub/thomas/c104/h4283.enr.txt.
United States of America National Report 1997-1998 on Introductions
and Transfers of Marine Organisms. Working Group on Introductions
and Transfers of Marine Organisms of the International Council for
the Exploration of the Sea. March 25-27, 1998; The Hague, The Netherlands.